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What Is Cloud Computing And How It Works?

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What is Cloud Computing?

Cloud computing is a technology using which the local computer resources dispense with, and the capacity of computational storage and processing based on the Internet – the cloud – is taken advantage of. In this measure, only an internet connection is necessary to access resources that the local user does not have.

This cloud is used as a metaphor for the Internet because flow charts usually represent it with this figure. However, cloud computing is a term attributed to John McCarthy, who, in 1961, was the first to mention the idea that computer timeshare technology could lead to further processing power. Could sell as a service.

How does Cloud Computing Work?

In principle, the essential element in cloud computing is the cloud itself, the Internet. Based on this, we illustrate an example in which a user decides to work with a provider X. Once he accepts the terms and conditions, he has access to the computing power that said provider offers him, be it storage space, high-demand processing power or even software or platform.

Despite looking distant, this cloud is closer than you think. Chances are you’re in it right now. The top 5 cloud apps for consumers currently are:

  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • Youtube
  • LinkedIn
  • Pinterest

Cloud Types

There are 3 main types of cloud:


Private clouds offer computer services through a private internal network, exclusive to some users and not available to the general public. It is also known as an internal or corporate cloud.


Public cloud are those computer services offered by external providers through the Internet. Therefore, they are available to everyone.


This type of cloud combines both characteristics, which allows the dynamics between clouds, depending on the needs and costs. This solution is the most flexible of all.

Now, there are a series of categories within the clouds describes above, which are:

  • Software as a Service (SaaS)
  • Platform as Services (PaaS)
  • Infrastructure as a service (IaaS)

What are the Main Cloud Service Providers?

Currently, there are a huge number of companies dedicates to cloud services. However, the three leading companies in the market at the moment are:

  • Google Cloud Platform (GCP)
  • Amazon Web Services (AWS)
  • Microsoft Azure

Among these leaders, GCP is the fastest growing platform for adoption. The communication and messaging tools package, G Suite, runs under the same infrastructure that the company uses in its end-user products, making up a series of modular packages that include storage services, data analysis, and machine learning. , among others.


The cloud is here to stay. Mobility, access, and flexibility are imperative characteristics for managers today. In this order of ideas, it is important to be at the forefront and create strategic alliances with important providers in this service type. From this point of view, the Google suite is the best ally in terms of costs, implementation, and above all, innovation, not in vain, is the largest internet company on the market today.

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